I bid the chords sweet music make,
And all must follow in my wake.
– Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany August 28, 1749
died: March 22, 1832
genre: Literature & Fiction, Poetry, Science
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer. George Eliot called him “Germany’s greatest man of letters… and the last true polymath to walk the earth.” Goethe’s works span the fields of poetry, drama, literature, theology, humanism, and science. Goethe’s magnum opus, lauded as one of the peaks of world literature, is the two-part drama Faust. Goethe’s other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.
Goethe was one of the key figures of German literature and the movement of Weimar Classicism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; this movement coincides with Enlightenment, Sentimentality (Empfindsamkeit), Sturm und Drang, and Romanticism. The author of the scientific text Theory of Colours, he influenced Darwin with his focus on plant morphology. He also long served as the Privy Councilor (“Geheimrat”) of the duchy of Weimar.