The human spirit is not dead. It lives on in secret. It has come to believe that compassion in which all ethics take root, can only attain breadth and depth if it embraces all living creatures and does not limit itself to mankind.
— Albert Schweitzer, physician/Nobel Laureate.
Born 14 January 1875
Kaysersberg, Alsace-Lorraine, Germany (now Haut-Rhin, France)
Died 4 September 1965 (aged 90)
Citizenship German (1875–1919)
Fields Medicine, music, philosophy, theology
Doctoral advisor Karl Ferdinand Braun
Known for Music, Philanthropy, Theology
Notable awards Goethe Prize (1928)
Nobel Peace Prize (1952)
Spouse Helene Bresslau, daughter of Harry Bresslau
Albert Schweitzer, OM was a German and then French theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary. He was born in Kaysersberg in the province of Alsace-Lorraine, at that time part of the German Empire. Schweitzer, a Lutheran, challenged both the secular view of Jesus as depicted by historical-critical methodology current at his time in certain academic circles, as well as the traditional Christian view.
He depicted Jesus as one who literally believed the end of the world was coming in his own lifetime and believed himself to be a world savior. He received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize for his philosophy of “Reverence for Life”, expressed in many ways, but most famously in founding and sustaining the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, now in Gabon, west central Africa (then French Equatorial Africa).
As a music scholar and organist, he studied the music of German composer Johann Sebastian Bach and influenced the Organ reform movement (Orgelbewegung).